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Conservation plan of Pantanos de Centla Biosphere Reserve and Laguna de Terminos Flora and Fauna Protection Area

plan.pdf (File Format: Adobe Acrobat PDF)

Pronatura Peninsula de Yucatan AC, The Nature Conservancy, National Commission of Protected Natural Areas and United States Agency for International Development


Date Authored:
March 02, 2005

Date Contributed:
March 08, 2006

This plan was designed for two natural protected areas and their influence zone, all adding up to 1,273,572 ha. These areas belong to the Natural Protected Areas System of the Mexican National Commission for Natural Protected Areas (CONANP, for its initials in Spanish).

The area of interest is located in the States of Tabasco and Campeche, in the south of Mexico. Considering extension and volume, the zone contains the largest estuarine system of lagoons in Mexico, aside from being part of the most important ecological river basin in the country, constituted mainly by the Grijalva and Usumacinta rivers. The site contains one of the vastest regions of wetlands in North America and is of great value for the refuge of numerous coastal bird populations. It is an important zone for the breeding and feeding of commercial fisheries. Many places in its landscape are receptors of nutrients, as well polluters transported by one of the largest hydrological systems of Mexico. These areas are also considered to be useful for the mitigation of flooding threats.

The objects of conservation identified at a level of ecosystem-community are: marshland, medium forest, swamp forest, emerging rooted hydrophytes, permanently flooded aquatic ecosysems, Terminos Lagoon, beaches and coastal dunes. The viability analysis showed that the health of this site can be stated as “good”, and the emerging rooted hydrophytes were the only object stated as “very good” (very healthy).

A total of 16 threats were identified for the whole area, out of which 7 were reported as “very dangerous”: dam construction, cattle raising and deforestation, building roads, deforestation in the high part of the basin, over fishing and inadequate fishing arts, canalization, deflection and contention of rivers, and fires.

Document Types:
· Site Conservation Plans

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